PORTFOLIO TASK 3

REPORTS


What is a report?
A report is a piece of informative writing that describes a set of actions and analyses any results in response to a specific brief. A quick definition might be: "This is what I did and this is what it means."
CHARACTERISTICS:
-          Clear layout
-          Organised into clearly differentiated sections with headings
-          Clear introduction giving the basic facts
-          Formal language –vocabulary and structures
-          Appropriate linking words
-          Clear, concise sentences
-          Content is usually presented objectively although it may then lead to a more personal conclusion


SAMPLE REPORT
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Compare and contrast these reports. Focus on language, number of nouns, and types of adjectives. What other differences do you notice?
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LINKING WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS
Just as headings can clarify the structure of a piece of writing, so do linking words and expressions like:

Sequence
Result
Emphasis
First / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly etc
Next, last, finally
In addition, moreover
Further / furthermore
Another
Also
In conclusion
To summarise
So
As a result
As a consequence (of)
Therefore
Thus
Consequently
Hence
Due to
Undoubtedly,
Indeed,
Obviously,
Generally,
Admittedly,
In fact,
Particularly / in particular,
Especially,
Clearly,
Importantly,

Addition

Reason

Example
And
In addition / additionally / an additional
Furthermore
Also
Too
As well as
For
Because
Since
As
Because of
For example
For instance
That is (ie)
Such as
Including
Namely

Contrast
Comparison
However
Nevertheless
Nonetheless
Still
Although / even though
Though
But
Yet
Despite / in spite of
In contrast (to) / in comparison
While
Whereas
On the other hand
On the contrary
Similarly
Likewise
Also
Like
Just as
Just like
Similar to
Same as
Compare
compare(d) to / with
Not only...but also




PHRASE BANK

INTRODUCTIONS


The aim of this report is …
This report describes / outlines / deals with …
This report is based on …
As requested,…
This involved + -ing
My findings are presented / outlined below



 MAKING RECOMMENDATIONS
It would be a good idea to …
It might be advisable to …
It would be preferable to …
I suggest / propose / recommend that we (should) …
I would like to suggest / recommend…
I therefore (do not) suggest / recommend …
I believe we should (not) recommend …
You may wish to consider …



CONCLUSIONS
To sum up, …
In conclusion, …
I have no hesitation in recommending …


 Ø  READING COMPREHENSION
REASON TO LOVE ONE OF THE PARADISES IN THE WORLD-KERALA
Kerala is situated on the tropical Malabar Coast and shaped by tea and spice covered hills, unhurried backwaters and beaches. It is known for its ecotourism and its unique tradition and culture coupled with its varied demography. Kerala was able to transform itself into one of the niche holidays destination in India due to extravagant temple festivals, sandy beaches, spectacular waterfalls, mountain ranges, wildlife sanctuaries, snake boat races and Ayurvedic Philosophies. The feel is the million times better that rejuvenates the mind, quenches the soul when exotic birds fly overhead and wild elephants roam and that’s why it is the highest brand recall.
Here are major attractions that send you off in dreamy disposition and ease the mind. They don’t call it God’s own Country for nothing.

Vembanad Backwater:
It is also known as Kochi Lake and is India’s longest lake of 900 kilometers of backwater. Vembanad is a unique ecosystem rich in streams, rivers, myriad, lagoons, and canals. Kerala features three distinct backwater regions Kottayam, Ernakulam and Alapuzha whereas Kottayam is the best known and most impressive. Hit the helm and hire a boat for a few days to traverse the transcendent backwaters, the echo of exotic music from a close by temple and watch a burnt orange sunset, you will experience as you are in paradise away from the hurry and flurry of life. You can find your accommodation on the edge of the lake Vembanad not to mention have your own cook and navigator, which will be a combination of tranquility and luxury aptly called Privacy.

Yoga and Wellness Retreats:
Kerala is the perfect place to get your mind and body in sync. Wellness retreats and spas in Kerala will help you to detox your body and emotions. Living a life with wellness avoid stress and negative energy. It is an incredibly chilled out area which manage your stress and helps you to maintain a balance in life while coping with your stress. Another way could be doing yoga and getting your warrior on with Kalari Yoga and feeling the heat with Ashtanga. It is a great way to achieve balance. There are many daily classes and lengthy courses offered by several well-known resorts. Doing different types of yoga in Kerala on the coast of the Arabian Sea is entirely a different mindset and can be easily done.

Periyar National Park:
Most of Kerala consists of wet evergreen rain-forests and national treasures like Periyar National Park. It is a giant exhibition within the Thekkady district. It is open throughout the year and one of India’s most prominent tourist destinations. Periyar-southern based national park is renowned for its bio-diverse tracts of wilderness and treasured animals. It is open even through sodden monsoon season and you can have jungle tours by the traditional boat observing the park’s rich wildlife and safaris. There are plenty of options available on Periyar’s magnificent lake like onsite knowledgeable guides and entertaining Eco-friendly activities.

Mattancherry Palace:
The palace has an important historical place in India. It was an offering from the Portuguese to the Raja of Kochin in the mid 16th century. It was refashioned by the Dutch and renamed Dutch Palace. There are important things to see in Mattancherry Palace like preserved murals of Hindu origins which illustrates colorful scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata. The palace is constructed in the state’s traditional architectural style called Nalukettu with a temple dedicated to the Kochi’s royal family and a central courtyard. Take a tour for an insightful side trip. There are two temples in the palace one dedicated to Krishna and the other to Lord Shiva.

Kovalam:
Kovalam beach near Thiruvananthapuram is the most developed resort area in Kerala centered around three crescent-shaped beaches. Apart from this, Hawa beach is the main attraction filled with local fisherman and sunbathing sightseers heading in and out from the sea. Kovalam is a great place to have Ayurvedic massage, the Ancient Indian Traditional medication practised 1,000 years ago, yoga classes and have little waterfront fun. This is where locals come to have camel rides and to see the beautiful twilight. On the Northern end the restaurants and hotels are on Lighthouse beach. Vizhinjam Lighthouse brightens up the shore, which gives a fantastic view. Kovalam is the most relaxing and quietest place defined by several upscale resorts and restaurants leading to the water.

Munnar:
What to say about this place? Just search for the picture of Munnar and you will instantly understand the mesmerizing view, there is nothing more beautiful than this. Munnar is one of the finest hill stations of South India. Munnar is a town in the Western Ghats Mountains with rolling hills dotted with tea plantations and example of the importance of tea to the people’s livelihood and India’s economy. It is more than 5,000 feet above sea level. Misty hilltops, tea plantations, storybook towns, and meandering lanes are all here. Munnar is the junction of Nallathanni, Mudrapuzha and Kundala mountain streams. If you are looking for more adventure and incredible views,  climb Anamundi, southern India’s highest peak. It is a great spot for paragliding across the skies and trekking in lower areas. The best area attractions are Tea Museum, Mattupetty and Eravikulam National Park.


Wayanad:
Wayanad is almost parallel to the coastline within the Western Ghats. The area is scenic and positively magnetic with a dense forest, lush green and lofty pinnacles and coconut palms. The wildlife sanctuaries of Tholpetty and Muthanga are great for spotting India’s finest specimens, Caves is ideal for climbing, Meenmutty Falls and Chembra Peak are perfect for adventure seekers, the ancient Jain Temples are perfect for pondering and excellent opportunities for navigators who want to explore the far-flung forests of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka where coffee, rice paddies, rubber and ginger plantations are just the start of an epic and unforgettable landscape. This is the unspoiled and wonderfully natural area within Kerala.

It seems you are infatuated by the spectacular and magnetic place. So what you are waiting for? Book your tickets now and experience something so peaceful! Contact us on http://www.palmlandtours.net/

Why is Kerala called “God’s own Country”?
What can tourists do in Vembanad?
Why is Periyard National Park a popular tourist destination?
Why is Munnar unique?
Why is Kerala a popular niche holidays destination? 

Ø  USE OF ENGLISH

Complete the sentences below with information from the article you’ve just read.

1.   In the last years Kerala __________________________ itself into one of the niche holidays destination in India.
2.   If you want to get away from the hurry and flurry of life, Vembanad Backwater is a good option, since accommodation _____________________________ on the edge of the lake.
3.   Several well-known resorts ____________________________________________ and lengthy courses.
4.   Ayurvedic massage ___________________________________________ for more than 1,000 years.
5.   Tourists are _____________________________________ going to Periyar National Park because of its bio-diversity.

LISTENING COMPREHENSION  ______ / 10
Listen to Correspondent Jean-Francois Belanger’s report on his trip to Chernobyl and complete the blanks:

video


Unusual Holiday Destination: Chernobyl
Following the accident in 1986, a 30 km exclusion zone was created and declared unfit for human habitation.
So if you are tired of fighting your way past bus-loads of tourists, one of the places you could think about is Chernobyl. Yes, the Chernobyl.
Worried that there is nothing to see in a place like this? Well you just may be in for a surprise…

I took a tour of Chernobyl through a company called SoloEast. Before booking, I had read it was a good idea to check around as prices can vary -at least partly depending on the size of the group.  In the end, I shelled out more than __________________ to go to one of the most dangerous places on earth
Visitors are driven by bus to the ''forbidden zone'' to where only people with special permission are allowed. Most of the surface covered by the zone is relatively safe but there are also places like the red forest and the vehicle scrap yard where radiation levels are still very high. Be sure to follow the guide’s advice at all time and do not leave the roads.
There are several restrictions and many precautions set up on the tour. Those attending must be at least 18 years old, and you must bring your passport. You cannot wear shorts, open-toed shoes, or tank tops. Those who are not properly dressed are left behind. Taking photos and video is allowed almost everywhere, except of checkpoints, security devices (including any fences) and certain areas specified by the guide.
Altogether the tour takes about nine hours (including travel time), we were bussed to Chernobyl, about eighty miles away.  We reached the first checkpoint and piled out of the bus.   We got back in the bus and headed for Chernobyl InterInform, a state-run agency founded to encourage the study of the area and incident and which also helps coordinate tours. At InterInform we were introduced to our guide, Vladimir. Vladimir, one of 130,000 nuclear refugees after the accident at Chernobyl, now works for the agency.  We signed a form that explained the rules (no wandering off from the tour guide, no picking stuff up or taking anything out of the area, no taking pictures in areas the guide specifies as a no-photo zone, etc.) and then we set off for Reactor No. 4, where the explosion took place _____________________ ago.
We all stared at Reactor No. 4 while Vladimir told us that nobody knows what is going on inside. The _________________________ now covered by a concrete sarcophagus to contain the radioactive materials from what’s left of the reactor core. A new sarcophagus is being constructed and will be placed over the existing one.
The levels of radiation on guided tours are relatively small. The main danger is not in the radiation itself, but in particles of radioactive materials that may remain on your clothes or items. Thus, risks are pretty much non-existent as long as you don't get yourself contaminated.
We got back in the minivan and headed for the ghost _________________________ of Pripyat, where more than 50,000 plant workers used to live. Now, nearly 30 years after the accident, the radiation level still makes the city uninhabitable. 
The Pripyat _______________________________ was scheduled to open only four days after the Chernobyl accident, but this never happened. The ferris wheel, swings, bumper cars and the merry-go-round were never used and are now rusting away.


VIDEO UNIT 2


video


ORAL TASK 2 - DEBATE


A debate is a discussion in which participants articulate, justify, and clarify their positions on an issue and refute statements made by the opposing side.

4 TAKE A STAND
Who’s pro and who’s con? Every debate has two sides, the affirmative side and the negative side. The affirmative side, “pro”, supports a proposition. The opposing or negative side, “con”, opposes the proposition.

4 LET THE RESEARCH BEGIN
Do research about the topic. You can take notes using the template below.
Opinion: I believe  … should ...
Source #1:
Facts:
Source #2:
Facts:
4 DEBATE
The debate begins with an opening statement from the pro side, followed by a statement from the con side, so prepare a speech (one to three minutes) to make an opening statement. Opening statements should include each side’s opinion with a brief overview of the supporting evidence.
The debate ends with closing statements from both sides. Again the pro side speaks first followed by the con side. The planned closing statements (one to three minutes) should restate the opinions with strong supporting evidence.
4 DEBATE DO’S


·  Be polite and courteous.
·  Listen attentively
·  Be respectful and supportive of peers.
·  Speak only when recognized by the moderator.
·  Allow others to express their opinions; do not monopolize the debate.
·  Use grammatically correct language.
·  Speak clearly, slowly, and loud enough to be heard by the audience.
·  Speak with passion and excitement.



4 USEFUL DEBATE VOCABULARY